New Zealand Journal of Ecology (2022) 46(1): 3469

Growth and survival of transplanted black beech (Fuscospora solandri) seedlings on Motuareronui (Adele Island)

Research Article
Simon Moore 1*
Ron Moorhouse 2
Graeme Elliott 1
Helen Lindsay 2
  1. Department of Conservation, Private Bag 5, Nelson, New Zealand 7010
  2. Project Janszoon, PO Box 3437, Richmond, New Zealand 7050
*  Corresponding author

Black beech (Fuscospora solandri) seedlings were planted in randomly located plots on Motuareronui (Adele Island) to assess whether survival was sufficient for applied nucleation to be used as a restoration method on parts of the adjacent mainland. The long-term goal of this project is to re-establish black beech as a keystone canopy species on ridges and headlands that lost their primary forest cover as a result of fires by the middle of last century. One hundred and sixty-four of 199 beech seedlings (82%) planted in 2014 survived to 2019. Survival was higher in plots that had a low to moderate canopy density, or when plots had either low or moderate canopy density, when seedlings had higher levels of ambient light. There was weak evidence of a negative relationship between seedling growth and the amount of ambient light, attributable to apical dieback in some seedlings.