New Zealand Journal of Ecology (1992) 16(2): 103- 107

Impacts of Aerial 1080 Poisoning on the Birds of Rangitoto Island, Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand

Research Article
C. J. Miller 1
S. Anderson 1,2
  1. Centre for Conservation Biology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
  2. Present address: Department of Conservation, Private Bag 701, Hokitika, New Zealand

Bird populations were monitored for one year (October 1990- October 1991) to determine whether the 1080 poison used to eradicate possums and wallabies on Rangitoto Island had had any detrimental effects on them. There was no significant decline in bird numbers recorded immediately after poisoning, with four species increasing in abundance (P <0.001). Twelve months after the operation the abundance of four species had increased significantly (P <0.001). The poisoning does not appear to have had any negative effect on the bird populations of Rangitoto, while the removal of browsing mammals may in future prove to have beneficial effects.