In 2009, the New Zealand company Winstone Aggregates initiated a restoration planting scheme to mitigate the ecological damage caused by mining at the Hunua Quarry, near Papakura, New Zealand. By employing several collection methods (pitfall traps, artificial cover objects, litter samples, weta motels), and comparing invertebrates found in the restoration area with those found in adjacent areas of mature forest and unplanted grassland, this study aimed to identify invertebrates that could be used as bioindicators of restoration trajectory.
Estimates of abundance, age structure and sex ratio are essential for monitoring the status of populations. We report the first attempt to reliably estimate these parameters in a population of the recently discovered Raukumara tusked weta (Motuweta riparia), which is found almost entirely near streams. On two occasions we searched a 211-m section of creek for 4–5 successive nights and individually marked all weta. We estimated abundance of adults and juveniles using closed-population mark-recapture analysis.