New Zealand Journal of Ecology (1985) 8: 5- 10

A reappraisal of the distribution and dispersal of female Himalayan thar in New Zealand

Research Article
J. P. Parkes 1
K. G. Tustin 2
  1. Forest Research Institute, P.O. Box 31-011, Christchurch, New Zealand
  2. P.O Box 134, Wanaka, New Zealand

The breeding ranges of thar are described as they were in 1976 and 1984 and compared with previously described ranges in 1936, 1946, 1956 and 1966. Commercial hunting during 1972-1976 harvested about 32000 thar and along with habitat limits in some areas this slowed the rate of dispersal into new areas and eliminated thar from the periphery of their range in other areas. The rate of thar dispersal from the time of their liberation in 1904 until 1936 was non-linear and recalculation of their breeding ranges from 1936-1966 shows rates of dispersal consistent with an exponential curve. The implications of this to a threshold-pressure and to a diffusion model of dispersal and their implications to thar management are discussed.