Toxicology and ecotoxicology of para-aminopropiophenone (PAPP) – a new predator control tool for stoats and feral cats in New Zealand
- Cawthron Institute, Private Bag 2, Nelson, 7042, New Zealand
- Centre for Wildlife Management and Conservation, Lincoln University, PO Box 84, Lincoln, Canterbury, New Zealand
- Connovation Ltd, PO Box 58613, Manukau 2163, New Zealand
- Department of Conservation, Private Bag 4715, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
- Current address: Department of Environmental Monitoring and Research, Swedish Museum of Natural History, PO Box 50 007, SE-104 05, Stockholm, Sweden
When meat baits containing PAPP are applied in bait stations in field settings, stoat and feral cat numbers can be rapidly reduced. However, there has been limited practical experience with PAPP to date, especially when compared with alternative tools such as traps or sodium monofluoroacetate (1080) baits. Additional practical experience should enable the effective use of PAPP as a tool to help protect native species from introduced predators. In the future, PAPP will be developed in long-life bait and in a resetting toxin delivery system.