<i>Petroica macrocephala</i>

Effects of secondary shrublands on bird, lizard and invertebrate faunas in a dryland landscape

Succession from anthropogenic grassland to secondary woody plant communities in New Zealand’s eastern South Island dryland zone has potential to alter animal communities. We compared indigenous and exotic birds, terrestrial invertebrates and ground-dwelling lizards in 100-ha blocks representing vegetation at three woodiness levels (grassland, mixed grassland–shrubland, and shrubland) at three sites in Central Otago.