New Zealand natural communities

A Review of Vegetation Development Following Recent (Less-Than 450 Years) Volcanic Disturbance in North Island, New Zealand

Volcanic activity has damaged or destroyed at least 20,000 has of indigenous vegetation in the North Island in the last 450 years. The primary and secondary successions initiated are discussed and considered in relation to some recently proposed models of succession. Most of the variation relates to the scale and intensity of disturbance, and the type and heterogeneity of the substrate emplaced.